Space as an Element of Design

Space is one of the most fundamental elements of interior design. It is a blank canvas and the basic structure of an establishment.  In fact, space provides the foundation for an entire design scheme. That’s why it’s essential for a designer consider how much space is available, the dimensions of the room when planning the layout of a room.


Types of Space

Space is categorized into two categories: two dimensional and one dimensional. Two-dimensional space refers to the length and width of the floors while three-dimensional space covers the living area which refers to the length, width and height.


How Is Space Used In Design

In design space is used to both connect and separate elements. When the spaces are wider they are meant to separate elements. However, narrow spaces are meant to reveal relationships between elements those that overlap place special emphasis on elements.


Positive and Negative Space

There are positive and Negative spaces in design. Areas that are filled with furnishing and decorating items are known as positive spaces. Negative spaces are areas that are virtually empty. There should always be a balance of negative and positive spaces. Neutral spaces are often used to draw attention or place emphasis on the main subject.


Space Planning

During the design process, it’s important to plan for space for efficiency. What is involved in the space planning process?  First off, you’ll want to start off with an in-depth analysis of the what you desire the space to be used for. An interior designer will draw a plan that specifies what type of activities will be taking place e in each space and how people will move around these areas. Finally, furnishing placement is determined.


Space also helps you set boundaries when decorating. For instance, you’ll avoid crowding a small room with lots of furniture.

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